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Enjeux scientifiques et politiques d’un congrès

The twofold politics of psychiatry: Ernst Rüdin and the German delegation at the International Congress of Child Psychiatry in Paris, 1937

Le double agenda politique de la psychiatrie : Ernst Rüdin et la délégation allemande au Congrès international de psychiatrie de l’enfant de Paris en 1937
Volker Roelcke
p. 147-129

Abstracts

At the First International Congress of Child Psychiatry held in Paris in 1937, the German delegation was led by Ernst Rüdin, a fervent eugenicist, and president of the Society of German Neurologists and Psychiatrists (GDNP). Rüdin had a twofold political agenda: on the one hand, he acted beyond the medical community in the broader framework of German foreign policy which aimed at the expansion of Germany’s international reputation. On the other hand, he sought to secure the core claims of the GDNP as a professional body. It was his aim to integrate the newly emerging field of child psychiatry firmly into the broader field of psychiatry and neurology. The article reconstructs the politico-legal ramifications within which German physicians acted when attending professional conferences abroad and the broader context of the international congresses in Paris in 1937. Finally, it describes the impact of these contexts on the lectures of the German delegates.

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Excerpt

Full text document will be published online on November 2018.

Outline

Political and legal ramifications
Eugenics, race, and psychiatry at three international congresses in Paris 1937
The German delegates at the International Congress for Child Psychiatry
Epilogue

First lines

Since the late 19th century, international conferences have been of great concern to physicians and biomedical scientists. Certainly, adhering to the self-image of science and medicine as an international and indeed universal undertaking has been one central motivation for this interest. Another, more pragmatic factor that fueled the interest was the possibility of meeting colleagues from abroad and getting news about recent developments in scientific, clinical, or institutional matters. A third aspect for the interest and investment in international meetings was their political function. As for example Susan Solomon or Nikolai Krementsov have pointed out for Russia and Germany in the interwar period, international scientific conferences were an important instrument of foreign policy, as well as a platform for pursuing the politics of the related professions.

The International Congress of Child Psychiatry h...

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References

Bibliographical reference

Volker Roelcke, « The twofold politics of psychiatry: Ernst Rüdin and the German delegation at the International Congress of Child Psychiatry in Paris, 1937 », Revue d’histoire de l’enfance « irrégulière », 18 | 2016, 147-129.

Electronic reference

Volker Roelcke, « The twofold politics of psychiatry: Ernst Rüdin and the German delegation at the International Congress of Child Psychiatry in Paris, 1937 », Revue d’histoire de l’enfance « irrégulière » [Online], 18 | 2016, Online since 30 November 2018, connection on 23 April 2017. URL : http://rhei.revues.org/3908 ; DOI : 10.4000/rhei.3908

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About the author

Volker Roelcke

Professeur d’histoire de la médecine, Institut für Geschichte der Medizin, Universität Giessen

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Copyright

© PUR

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